This document has been produced by members of the Astronomical Association of Queensland (AAQ) and the Science Teachers Association of Queensland (STAQ). AAQ and STAQ retain copyright of the text and diagrams in this material except where noted that it has been reproduced from elsewhere. All images in this document are copyright and are used by permission. The material in this document may be freely reproduced provided that it is for non-commercial purposes and the source is acknowledged. Request approval for use of the material for commercial purposes using the Contact form.
The AAQ/STAQ working group included Mark Bateman, Jonathan Bradshaw, Adam Budd, Cheryl Capra, Terry Cuttle, Tim Napier-Munn, Anthony Napier-Munn, David O’Driscoll and Keith Treschman, all of whom generously donated their time for this project.
Website development and webmaster: David O’Driscoll.
Thanks to the following international experts who have reviewed parts of or all of the documents and contributed valuable suggestions: Prof. Jay M. Pasachoff and Dr James Huddle.
Much of the text in this document under the Sun and Moon sections is adapted (with permission) from Pasachoff, Jay M., A Field Guide to the Stars and Planets.
Thanks to the Queensland Government Office of Fair Trading for investigating the safety of “The alignment of celestial bodies so that one is obscured, either partially or totally, by the other. glasses” and issuing a safety message for the Queensland public.
All The alignment of celestial bodies so that one is obscured, either partially or totally, by the other. photographs in this document are by Terry Cuttle with the exception of Fig 3-2 by Rod Nave and Fig 3-3 by Stig Linander. The photographers retain copyright of their images. Permission is granted to reproduce these images provided that it is for non-commercial purposes and the copyright holder is acknowledged.
All diagrams, maps and tables have been prepared by the Astronomical Association of Queensland except where noted in this paragraph. The eclipse timing details in the maps and tables have been calculated using Xavier Jubier’s solar eclipse Google Earth kmz files and Dave Herald’s Occult 4 program. The eclipse paths in figures 4-4 and 4-5 have come from the NASA 5 millennium catalog of solar eclipses. Figure 6-3 (Sunspot cycle diagram) is from NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Solar Physics: http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/SunspotCycle.shtml where monthly updates of sunspot numbers are available. In the section on Eclipses in History, the Chinese dragon image is from: http://www.csiro.au/resources/ps2af, the helium emission spectrum is from: http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/teachers/lessons/xray_spectra/worksheet-spectragraph2.html.
Key Reference Websites
NASA eclipse website: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
NASA Total Solar Eclipse 2012: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEgoogle/SEgoogle2001/SE2012Nov13Tgoogle.html
NASA 5 millennium catalog of solar eclipses: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEcat5/catalog.html
CSIRO Eclipse website: http://www.csiro.au/eclipse
Xavier Jubier Eclipse kmz files for Google Earth: http://xjubier.free.fr/en/site_pages/SolarEclipsesGoogleEarth.html
International Astronomical Union solar eclipse working group: http://web.williams.edu/Astronomy/IAU_eclipses
Parts of the Glossary have been adapted from http://www.earthview.com/resources/glossary.htm
Pasachoff, Jay M. A Field Guide to the Stars and Planets. 4th edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000 (updated 2010).
Littmann, Mark; Espenak, Fred and Willcox, Ken. The period during a solar eclipse when the Sun's photosphere is completely covered by the Moon and the period for a lunar eclipse when the Moon is in the complete shadow of the Earth.: Eclipses of the Sun. 3rd edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Espenak, Fred; and Anderson, Jay. Annular and Total Solar Eclipses of 2010. NASA Technical Publication 214171. Greenbelt, Maryland: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2008.
Espenak, Fred; and Meeus, Jean. Five Millennium Catalog of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 (2000 BCE to 3000 CE). NASA Technical Publication 2008-214170. Greenbelt, Maryland: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2008.
Steel, Duncan, The alignment of celestial bodies so that one is obscured, either partially or totally, by the other.. Headline Publishing, 1999.